26 June 2012
Last updated at 12:33 ET
The Murdoch family is likely to keep control of both companies
Rupert Murdoch’s News Corporation has confirmed that it is considering splitting itself in two.
The media giant said it was exploring forming “two distinct publicly traded companies”, sending its shares up 6.3%.
While News Corp gave no details, reports say it will split its broadcasting and publishing businesses.
Analysts say this would protect its more profitable TV operations from its UK newspaper business, which is embroiled in a phone hacking scandal.
If any future split of News Corp is along such lines, it would put the 39% stake that News Corp owns in UK satellite broadcaster BSkyB into a separate company from its British newspapers.
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One potentially significant benefit is that BSkyB would be distanced from the British newspapers where the alleged lawbreaking took place – and so the risk of Ofcom stripping BSkyB of its broadcasting licence would presumably be diminished”
Media consultant Theresa Wise said preventing a “reputational bleed” from the newspapers involved in the hacking scandal to the other parts of the business was not the only reason the split would make sense.
“The media side of the business is a much faster growth business… the publishing side of the business, the books and the newspapers, are very slow or no-growth businesses,” she told BBC News.
“The whole company of News Corp is less highly valued because investors can’t split out the slow growth from the faster growth.”
Fellow media analyst, Steve Hewlett, agreed that these two separate factors were both behind the possibility of a split.
He said: “The frustration [of investors] is that Rupert Murdoch has maintained his enthusiasm for newspapers despite abundant evidence that they are in decline, they are not a growth business any longer, and in investment terms that is not where you want to be.
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“The other thing of course that a separation like this does is it attempts to draw a very clear line, produce real blue water if you like, between the infectious potential of News International and the newspapers, and the rest of the business.”
The Wall Street Journal, which first revealed the possibility of News Corp splitting in two, said that the Murdoch family, which has 40% of the voting shares in News Corp, would retain control of both separate firms.
The BBC’s business editor Robert Peston said that the publishing business would be the smaller of the two potential companies, representing about 25% of current News Corp revenues, and 10% of its profits.
Anthony DiClemente, media analyst at Barclays, said it was “unclear if spinning off the publishing business would ring-fence liabilities associated with the ongoing hacking investigation”.
Analysts were also unsure whether a split would help News Corp take full control of BSkyB in the future.
Mr DiClemente cautioned that the “common ownership of both entities by the Murdoch family will remain an obstacle” due to competition concerns.