Since March 31, Venezuela has seen near-daily demonstrations – with pro- and anti-government protesters taking to the streets. Here is the latest in the Venezuelan crisis:
15 August 2017
Mike Pence in Colombia
- “President Trump has made it very clear that we will not stand by while Venezuela collapses into a dictatorship,” US Vice President Mike Pence told reporters in Cartagena, Colombia, according to Reuters news agency.
- “A failed state in Venezuela threatens the security and prosperity of our entire hemisphere and the people of the United States of America,” he added.
- Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro has called for military exercises after US President Donald Trump’s threat of a possible armed intervention in the country.
- Maduro told supporters in Caracas to prepare for an “imperialist” invasion.
14 August 2017
Saint Lucia plans visa restrictions
- Saint Lucia’s Prime Minister Allen Chastanet has announced plans to impose visa restrictions on Venezuelans visiting the island as a precautionary measure in the face of Venezuela’s situation, local media reported.
12 August 2017
Maduro condemns US remarks
- President Maduro said Trump should solve his own problems and promised that – should the US attack Venezuela – the Vietnam War “would seem small in comparison”.
- “The people are suffering and they are dying. We have many options for Venezuela including a possible military option if necessary,” Trump told reporters in an impromptu question and answer session.
- “Congress obviously isn’t authorising war in Venezuela,” he said in a statement.
09 August 2017
- Ramon Muchacho, who governed the opposition bastion of Chacao, has gone into hiding after Venezuela‘s Supreme Tribunal sentenced him to 15 months in jail.
08 August 2017
- Venezuela’s newly elected representatives of the National Constituent Assembly have sworn in Tarek William Saab as the attorney general, following the removal of Luisa Ortega.
07 August 2017
- A country-wide manhunt was launched in Venezuela for the men who assaulted an army base.
- Defence Minister Vladimir Padrino said in a televised address that two of the men who attacked the base had been shot dead and eight captured. About 10 others are on the run.
- “This band of criminals did not act out of noble ideals or patriotic principles of any kind. They operated as mercenaries paid by extreme right-wing groups in Miami,” he said.
06 August 2017
- Two people have been killed and at least eight others captured in an armed attack by “terrorists” on a Venezuelan military base, President Maduro announced on state television.
- Military officials said the rebels, whom they described as “terrorists,” were trying to steal weapons.
06 August 2017
Ledezma released back
- Another prominent dissident, 62-year-old Antonio Ledezma, was released back to house arrest after being hauled away the same day as Lopez. He had already been in home detention since 2015.
- Venezuelan opposition leader Leopoldo Lopez was returned to house arrest after being detained in military prison for four days, his wife Lilian Tintori said.
- “They just moved Leopoldo home,” Tintori wrote on Twitter. “We continue with more conviction and strength for peace and freedom in Venezuela!”
06 August 2017
Ortega is removed
- Ortega told reporters she was attacked when she attempted to enter her headquarters and accused the government of attempting to hide evidence of wrongdoing.
- “I reject this siege. I denounce this arbitrariness infront of the national community and international”
— Luisa Ortega Díaz (@lortegadiaz) August 5, 2017
- Venezuela’s new assembly has voted to remove the country’s dissident attorney general, Luisa Ortega, after security forces surrounded the entrance to her office in Caracas.
- The assembly has also ordered her to go on trial for alleged “irregularities” while in office.
05 August 2017
- Venezuela’s President sworn in the new Constituent Assembly that has the power to rewrite the constitution.
- The 545-member assembly, including Maduro’s wife and son, held its inaugural session under tight security in the capital Caracas
03 August 2017
- Venezuela’s President rejected allegations that his government inflated turnout figures from its constituent assembly election.
- Maduro accused the international firm behind the claim of bowing to US pressure to cast doubt over what he called a “transparent vote”.
01 August 2017
- Two of Venezuela’s leading opposition figures, who were detained a day after constitutional vote, were sent to jail on the orders of the country’s top court.
- The Supreme Tribunal revoked house arrest measures granted to Leopoldo Lopez and Antonio Ledezma and put them back in jail.
- The Supreme Tribunal alleged that they had been planning to flee, either into hiding in the country or abroad.
01 August 2017
Maduro criticises US sanctions
- Maduro, however, said that he had no intention of deviating from plans to rewrite the constitution and lashed out at US sanctions, saying the move smacked of “imperialism”.
- “They don’t intimidate me. The threats and sanctions of the empire don’t intimidate me for a moment,” Maduro told a cheering audience. “I don’t listen to orders from the empire, not now or ever.”
- Sanctions came as electoral authorities said more than eight million Venezuelans voted on Sunday to create a constitutional assembly – a turnout doubted by independent analysts.
- The election, which spurred unrest that killed at least 10 people, was labelled illegitimate by leaders across the Americas and Europe.
31 July 2017
- Venezuela voted to select a new constitutional assembly.
- In the capital, Caracas, violence has flared with police firing tear gas at protesters boycotting the vote.
- At least nine people have died in election-related violence in the country.
28 July 2017
- Venezuelan President suggested talks with opposition parties before votes to elect a constituent assembly.
- A national strike led by the opposition is now in its second day.
26 July 2017
- Four days before the national vote to elect a Constituent Assembly, Venezuela’s opposition called on citizens to join a civic strike for 48 hours.
- The strikes and march are intended to voice disapproval with President Nicolas Maduro’s plan to rewrite the constitution
25 July 2017
- Venezuelans held a vigil in the capital, Caracas, for the more than 100 people killed during protests.
- South American leaders offered to broker talks between Venezuela’s government and the opposition at a meeting of the Mercosur trading bloc in Argentina.
21 July 2017
- Isaias Medina, a senior Venezuelan diplomat at the UN, break ties with President Maduro
19 July 2017
- Opposition leaders said Venezuela’s democracy reached a tipping point, and they called for a 24-hour national strike, after 7.6 million people rejected a Constituent Assembly.
19 July 2017
- The government announced it will go ahead with a election of a Constituent Assembly on July 30, despite a threat of economic sanctions by US President Donald Trump .
- Elections to the National Constituent Assembly is an act of political sovereignty. Nothing and nobody can stop it. The Constituent Assembly is happening” Foreign Minister Samuel Moncada said in a speech at the foreign ministry.
18 July 2017
- Venezuela’s opposition officials called for a nationwide strike against President Maduro to protest against his plan to rewrite the constitution.
- The 24-hour strike was part of what the opposition called a “final offensive” aimed at forcing Maduro out through early elections, before his term ends in 2019.
17 July 2017
- The opposition asked voters if they support the government’s plan to elect a National Constituent Assembly that will overhaul the 1999 constitution.
- The plebiscite did not have the support of the electoral power nor the government, which considers it illegal.
10 July 2017
- Thousands gather in an east Caracas square on Sunday to hear opposition figures including the wife of Lopez, Lilian Tintori, speak.
- At least 91 people have died in three months of street clashes between protesters and police, troops and government loyalists.
08 July 2017
- Venezuelan jailed opposition leader Leopoldo Lopez was transferred to house arrest after spending more than three years behind bars in a military prison.
06 July 2017
05 July 2017
- “I am not going condone a circus that will stain our history with shame and pain and whose decision is foretold,” Ortega told a news conference at the public prosecution department.
- “I have committed no crime nor errors and I am not going to submit to this unconstitutional and illegitimate court,” she added. “We already know that today I will be removed from my post.”
29 June 2017
- The government looked for the police officer who’s suspected of carrying out a helicopter attack on the Supreme Tribunal.
- Venezuela’s chief state prosecutor says she will defy a supreme court ruling that partially strips her of her duties.
- Protesters are again on the streets demanding the resignation of President Nicolas Maduro.
28 June 2017
- Venezuela’s President Nicolas Maduro put the military on alert.
- “I have activated the entire armed forces to defend the peace,” Maduro said.
- “Sooner or later, we are going to capture that helicopter and those that carried out this terrorist attack.”
28 June 2017
- Supreme Tribunal slapped an asset freeze and travel ban on Prosecutor General Luisa Ortega, after she accused him of creating a “climate of terror”.
27 June 2017
- A police helicopter dropped grenades on Venezuela’s supreme court building and fired shots at the interior ministry.
- President Maduro labelled this as a “terror attack” against his government.
- Information minister Ernesto Villegas said the stolen helicopter fired 15 shots on the ministry in Caracas
- In the afternoon, a video is released showing men with assault rifles flanking Oscar Perez, a former member of the forensic police force, known as the CICPC.
22 June 2017
- The regional diplomatic bloc was unable to agree on how to resolve the crisis in Venezuela
20 June 2017
Attorney General to face trial
- Venezuela’s supreme court approved proceedings against the attorney general, Luisa Ortega, who is accused of allegedly committing “grave errors” in her role as the nation’s top law enforcement official.
17 June 2017
Twitter accounts suspended
- At least 180 Twitter accounts of the Venezuelan government were suspended.
16 June 2017
Orders to prosecute Attorney General
- Bolivarian official Pedro Carreno called on the Supreme Tribunal to prosecute Prosecutor General Luisa Ortega Díaz, with magistrates ruling that Ortega was prohibited from leaving Venezuela.
15 June 2017
Thousands march for peace
- Thousands marched for peace during the Divina Pastora procession in Barquisimeto, Lara.
14 June 2017
Protests in Altamira
- Protests occurred in Altamira, with the National Guard firing tear gas at national
13 June 2017
Peru’s president warns of refugee crisis
- The deadly unrest in Venezuela could lead to “a bloodbath” and create a major refugee crisis, Peru’s President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski warned.
09 June 2017
Students march against censorship
- Movimiento Estudiantil students marched to CONATEL to deliver a document critisicing censorship in Venezuela.
- The march was not impeded by authorities and they successfully delivered their statements.
06 June 2017
Students protest constitutional assembly
- Students from various universities protested against the constitutional assembly with dozens injured following the response of the National Guard.
04 June 2017
- Opposition politicians called for a march to protest against food shortages.
- At least 63 people have been killed in street protests since April 1.
02 June 2017
- Nicolas Maduro pledged to hold a referendum on a new constitution
- The move came after the plan to create a super-body known as a “constituent assembly” to rewrite the national charter
30 May 2017
- Security forces in Venezuela used water cannon and tear gas to disperse tens of thousands of opposition protesters heading towards the foreign ministry, as the Organization of American States held another meeting on the crisis.
29 May 2017
Two Venezuelan opposition leaders were among more than a dozen people wounded by security forces dispersing protests
23 May 2017
Maduro launches constitution overhaul
- At an open-air rally Maduro signed a document formally establishing the terms for electing members of a “constituent assembly”
- “Votes or bullets, what do the people want?” Maduro asked the crowd, presenting the proposed 540-member body as a way to defuse increasingly violent protests, which he says are part of a US-backed conspiracy to overthrow “21st-century socialism”.
22 May 2017
- The March of Health occurred in Caracas with demonstrators attempting to travel to the Ministry of Health headquarters to protest against the shortages of medicine and other essential medical supplies.
- Police fired tear gas to drive them back in scenes familiar after weeks of turmoil.
20 May 2017
50th day protests
- Government protesters marked 50 days of their demonstrations.
- At least 46 people have died in clashes since the protests began.
- On the 50th day of consecutive protests, millions of Venezuelans protested in Caracas during the “We Are Millions” march.
19 May 2017
- The United States has imposed sanctions on Venezuela’s chief judge and seven other members of the country’s Supreme Tribunal as punishment for seizing powers from the opposition-led congress earlier this year.
- Those sanctioned had their assets frozen within US jurisdiction, and US citizens were barred from doing business with them.
May 15 2017
- At least one person died as thousands of opponents of President Nicolas Maduro staged sit-ins and roadblocks across the country in a seventh week of anti-government rallies.
- The national sit-in occurs with thousands of Venezuelans blocking designated areas of trafficking for up to 12 hours.
- That brought the death toll since the start of the protests to at least 39 people.
13 May 2017
- Venezuelans in cars and on motorcycles, bikes and horseback clogged roads go out and protest
10 May 2017
- Protesters in Venezuela lobbed bottles and bags of faeces at soldiers who fought back with tear gas to block the latest march.
08 May 2017
- Venezuela’s opposition ruled out discussions with President Nicolas Maduro on his plan for an elected assembly to draw up a new constitution.
06 May 2017
- Opposition leaders called for women to march dressed in white, a traditional show of defiance, against what they brand a repressive government.
- In contrast, the government announced it would be organising its own women’s march in the western part of the capital, a traditional pro-Socialist stronghold.
05 May 2017
- Eight Latin American nations, including Mexico, Argentina and Brazil, collectively denounced Venezuela’s “excessive use of force” against civilian protesters after the death toll from anti-government unrest in the country rose to 36.
04 May 2017
- Protesters, primarily students, marched in and around Caracas, with tear gas being used near the Central University of Venezuela.
- Supporters of jailed Venezuelan opposition leader Leopoldo Lopez held a vigil outside his prison demanding to see him after rumours about his health rattled the protest-hit country.
03 May 2017
- President Maduro called for the formation of a constituent assembly to replace Venezuela’s current constitution.
01 May 2017
- Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro raised wages and handed out hundreds of free homes as part of efforts to counter a strengthening protest movement seeking his removal.
- The announcements came as government supporters and Maduro’s opponents prepared for rival marches to commemorate May Day.
26 April 2017
‘That could’ve been me’
- Juan Pablo Pernalete, a 20-year-old student, was killed by the impact of a tear gas canister in his chest during protests in Altamira.
- Following the death of the student, the son of politician Tarek Saab uploaded a video on YouTube stating that he had protested that night and that, “That could’ve been me!”, and pleaded to his father saying:
- “Dad, in this moment you have the power to end the injustice that has sunk this country. I ask you – as your son and in the name of Venezuela, to whom you serve – that you reflect on the situation and do what you have to do.”
26 April 2017
- Venezuela said it will withdraw from the Organization of American States (OAS) in reaction to pressure from the bloc over the government’s handling of the country’s political crisis.
22 April 2017
- Hundreds of thousands of Venezuelans participated in a silent march in memory of those killed.
- For the first time, demonstrators were able to travel to western Caracas without being barricaded by authorities.
21,22 April 2017
- Twelve people were killed in Caracas overnight following two days of mass street protests.
- The office of the Venezuelan attorney general said that eleven of those deaths were caused by electrocution and gunshot wounds in El Valle del Espiritu Santo.
19 April 2017
‘Mother of all marches’
- The “mother of all marches,” as it was called by organisers, occurred.
- Two Venezuelan students and one police officer died after being shot.
- Later in the evening, a National Guard sergeant was killed and a colonel wounded when their squad was attacked with gunfire while trying to control disturbances in a city near Caracas.
- He was the first person of authority killed in the year’s protests, with the day’s deaths raising the death toll of 2017 protests to at least eight people.
17 April 2017
- Venezuela’s defence minister declared the army’s “unconditional loyalty” to President Nicolas Maduro.
- President Maduro ordered the expansion of the Venezuelan National Militia to involve 500,000 loyal Venezuelans.
14 April 2017
- The opposition announced the “mother of all protests” march to take place on April 19 to “overflow” Caracas.
12 April 2017
‘The government cannot continue to protect these groups’
- Venezuela’s Catholic Church reiterated the call for calm with Archbishop Jorge Urosa Savino saying “the government cannot continue to protect these groups that are acting illegally”.
10 April 2017
Student shot during protests
- Daniel Queliz, a 19-year-old student of the Arturo Michelena University, was shot and killed during a protest in Valencia by a Carabobo Police officer.
- More than 50 individuals wounded were reported.
08 April 2017
The Supreme Tribunal attacked
- During the protests, 16 subway stations and 19 Caracas Metrobus routes were closed.
- The Supreme Tribunal was attacked by violent protesters, burning furniture, breaking windows and damaging the front door.
07 April 2017
- Venezuelan authorities banned top opposition leader Henrique Capriles from running for office for 15 years.
- “When the dictatorship squeals, it’s a sign we’re advancing,” he said in a speech surrounded by other leading opposition figures, many of whom themselves have been targeted. “The only one who is disqualified here is you, Nicolas Maduro.”
06 April 2017
- Venezuelan authorities confirmed a young man was killed during protests and vowed to investigate the death, the first since a controversy over the Supreme Tribunal blew up.
- Jairo Ortiz, a 19-year-old student of the Bicentenary University of Aragua, was shot and killed while protesting in Carrizal, Miranda.
05 April 2017
- With thousands out, supporters of the 54-year-old president organised their own rally.
- “They want an intervention in Venezuela,” said Juan Aponte, 34, who wore the red colours of the governing Socialist Party.
01 April 2017
- Venezuela’s supreme court abandoned measures to take over the opposition-led congress.
Maduro calls on Court to backtrack
- The announcement came hours after Maduro had called the court to annul its initial ruling “in order to maintain institutional stability and the balance of powers”.
01 April 2017
OAS condemn government
- Governments across Latin America condemned the government move, which the head of the Organization of American States (OAS) likened to a “self-inflicted coup” by President Maduro.
- Security forces repressed protests that broke out in Venezuela’s capital.
31 March 2017
- Protesters blocked roads, unfurled banners and chanted slogans against Maduro’s government, including “Freedom!” and “No To Dictatorship!”
29 March 2017
- The Venezuelan constitutional crisis began, when the immunity was taken away from opposition parliamentarians by the Supreme Tribunal.
- The government assumed legislative powers of the opposition-controlled National Assembly.
Source: Al Jazeera News