Electricity is the biggest invention of all time. Without electricity, nothing would have happened. Industries would not have worked without electricity. However, it is a fact that everything has its side effects. Electric power is being made with the use of different elements, made by different kinds of production. Some methods, which are being used to produce electric power, are being considered hygiene and environmental friendly such as hydropower, solar power, and wind power but they still have some negative impacts on environment. There are other things related to electric power, which are affecting the environment badly which are electromagnetic fields, aesthetics, and land use.
The process of power production causes the release of some airborne pollutants, which affect the environment very badly. The power production is the biggest cause of pollutants in the air. Fuel recovery and transportation is causing the worst ecological impact.
There are different things that are required for the making of electric power but these things need to be produce before being used for electric power. Coal is the biggest source of making electric power. The production of coal put negative impact in environment but it affects only the local area and the areas which are around the production place. The coal mining can have long term and short term negative impact. This can cause dust pollution, noise pollution, and problem in water drainage. In the result of coal mining, two types of waste produce, solid and liquid and both types of wastes needs to be treated and disposed.
The oil, which is being used in power, plants turn into fuel oil burn. These produce many green house gases. There can be spill or leakage during the transportation of the oil, which can also be harmful for the environment.
There are many other types of elements, which are being used in power plants, and their production is causing bad impacts on the societies and its surroundings. That is why governments are trying their best to find out the solution to control the affects as much as possible. The newest and best method that is being introduced for the matter is Flue-gas desulfurization. In this method, different types of technologies are being made to remove the sulfur oxide from the drained flue gases of fossil-fuel power plants. This method removes sulfur from all the procedures, which are causing sulfur oxide emissions.
It is important for all power plants to make sure that they are doing their best to protect the environment. It is their duty to take all the steps, which are required to keep the environment from all kinds of dangerous gases. These gases are not just harming the environment, they are also causing break in ozone layer, which prevent the power full rays of sun from affecting the human kind directly. This is the biggest challenge for all power plants. The process of flue gas desulfurization was introduced in England in 1850 but it actually got any popularity in 1925. From that time until now, power plants are using this method to keep the environment cleaned and healthy.