In the first vice presidential debate in Indonesia leading up to the April 17 elections, both candidates — businessman Sandiaga Uno and renowned Islamic cleric Ma’ruf Amin — agreed on one problem: Indonesia’s education system needs repairs.

The debate on Sunday involved four main themes: culture, public health, employment and education, with the goal of Indonesia becoming internationally competitive by 2025 and achieving the “industrial revolution 4.0” — delineating the increasingly competitive market for the country’s workforce.

As raised in the debate or outlined by the Lowy Institute think tank’s 2018 research titled “Beyond Access: Making Indonesia’s Education System Work,” the problems surrounding education in Indonesia include employment opportunities for vocational school graduates and the ineffectiveness of funds allocated for research.

Employment opportunities


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