At least 800,000 people were slaughtered in 100 days during the Rwandan genocide in 1994.
On Sunday, the country began marking 25 years of the atrocities with commemorations in the capital, Kigali.
Rwanda has made a remarkable turnaround since that time.
It has one of the continent’s strongest economies, and more women politicians in parliament than anywhere else in the world.
But President Paul Kagame has been criticised over accusations of being authoritarian by cracking down on dissent and political opponents.
So, are Rwandans paying a price for peace and stability?
Presenter: Martine Dennis
Rene Mugenzi – genocide survivor and chairman of the Global Campaign For Rwandans’ Human Rights
Andrew Mwenda – member of Rwanda’s presidential advisory committee
Phil Clark – assistant professor specialising