* China says tariffs on U.S. goods effective June 1 * Trade fears wipe out EM currency index gains for 2019 * Chilean stocks fall to lowest since December 2017 * Mexico’s peso outperforms regional peers By Agamoni Ghosh May 13 (Reuters) – Latin American currencies and stocks fell on Monday after China said it will impose higher tariffs on a range of U.S. goods in response to U.S. President Donald Trump hiking tariffs on $200 billion worth of Chinese goods. MSCI’s index of Latin American stocks fell nearly 2% after Beijing struck back. Currencies in the region also followed suit, with MSCI’s emerging market currency index wiping out all of its 2019 gains on Monday as the tariff re-escalation rattled global markets. Brazil’s