In this era of information sharing and building collaborations through social technologies, learning environments are more “open” than ever before. The idea of openness as sharing and expanding resources has brought about a paradigm shift in many parts of society and especially in higher education. The last 10 years have seen significant advances, including such innovations as open educational resources and massive open online courses abound.
The movement has launched innumerable projects, with global implications.
George Siemens, a professor at the University of Texas at Arlington, created the idea of “connectivism,” a theory of learning that explains how internet technologies have opened up