There is brewing conflict between nuclear-armed rivals India and Pakistan, once again at loggerheads over the territory that lies between them: Kashmir.

The neighbours have fought two out of their three wars over Kashmir and the latest crisis has once again highlighted 72 years of failure to find a solution.

After the two countries gained independence from British rule in 1947, the Maharaja of Muslim-majority Kashmir decided to join India. That did not sit well with the population in Pakistan, and the two countries had their first war over Kashmir.

A 1948 United Nations resolution, and later mutual agreements, formed a ceasefire line along what is now called the Line of Control.

On August 5 this year, Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government made a dramatic

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