This is the only posed photo from the occupation, taken by Art Kane. Among those pictured are John Trudell, Richard Oakes, Stella Leach and Ray Sprang [Photo courtesy: Art Kane Archive]

For most people, the word Alcatraz conjures up images of some of the most notorious criminals in American history, like Al Capone or George “Machine Gun” Kelly. During the years (1934-1963) it operated as a maximum-security federal prison. This island off the coast of San Francisco, California, held some of the country’s toughest convicts.

But to Native peoples, this small, oval-shaped island – part of the traditional territory of the coastal Ohlone, Ramaytush and Miwok peoples – carries a different symbolism.

In 1895 – when the island was a fort and military

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