WASHINGTON ― Dozens of lawmakers from both parties and both chambers of Congress filed an amicus brief on Friday in federal court defending the constitutionality of the Indian Child Welfare Act, a 1978 law that’s been vital for keeping Native American communities together — but that’s being challenged in court by a handful of states and non-Native individuals who say it’s not fair to them.

ICWA requires states to prioritize placing Native children in foster or adoptive homes with Native families over non-Native families. Plaintiffs in a lawsuit brought by Texas, Indiana, Louisiana and non-Native prospective adoptive parents argue that the law is unconstitutional because it’s race-based and violates the equal protection clause.

It’s since the law’s inception, and tribes

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