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Burkina Faso is holding an election in which some 400,000 would-be voters were unable to register because of a jihadist insurgency.

Brutal attacks have forced more than than one million civilians from their homes in the past two years alone.

Campaigning was halted for 48 hours last week following a deadly ambush on soldiers in the north of the country.

The threat of violence has meant hundreds of polling stations in the worst-affected areas have not opened.

Up to a fifth of the country is out of state control, estimates suggest, with rival jihadist groups battling for dominance and also attacks by other armed militias.