Long-term changes in education could be the reason for reduced sex differences seen in cognitive aging, according to a new investigation. This trend may eventually lower women’s risk of dementia as well, the researchers say.
Women are known to have an increased risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias. Education is thought to be linked with dementia onset.
The study team analyzed the effect of education and birth year on differences in memory and verbal fluency among nearly 16,000 participants born between 1930 and 1955. Women had better memory scores overall, which became more significant in the groups born more recently. But in the older birth cohort, women had poorer fluency scores than men. That difference progressively reversed in the groups