1.1 Rationale and aims

GCPEA defines attacks on education as any threatened or actual use of force against students, teachers, academics, education personnel, education buildings, resources, or facilities. In addition, armed forces and nonstate armed groups use schools and universities for military purposes. These violations occur for strategic, political, ideological, sectarian, ethnic, or religious reasons.

Attacks on education have devastating effects on students and teachers and their schools and universities. Students and educators are injured, killed, arrested, or otherwise harmed. Schools undergo lasting damage, which can lead to the overcrowding of other facilities in surrounding areas. In some countries, armed groups specifically target women’s and girls’ education, causing long term-consequences such as diminished learning, early pregnancy, child and forced marriage, and stigma

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