Americans’ incomes fell last year but fewer people were living in poverty amid COVID-19 as trillions of dollars in federal aid offered relief to the millions who were laid off.

Median U.S. household income fell 2.9% to $67,500, the U.S. Census Bureau said Tuesday, the first significant decline since 2011. The dip followed gains the three prior years. Household income includes bonuses, Social Security, public assistance payments and interest and dividend from investments, among other sources.

The economic toll taken by the pandemic and state lockdowns increased the official poverty rate for the first time in six years. There were 37.2 million people in poverty last year, 3.3 million more than in 2019. The poverty rate rose after five straight annual declines, to 11.4% from 10.5% in 2019.

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