At a Kabul market, coal is arriving by the tonnes as the winter cold sets in.
Even as prices rise, Afghans have few options but to burn it for heat, creating some of the world’s most dangerous air.
“Pollution causes serious respiratory diseases … All Afghans know what coal does,” customer Amanullah Daudzai, dressed in a traditional beige shalwar kameez, tells the AFP news agency.
More than three months after the Taliban stormed to power after the collapse of the Western-backed government, Afghanistan’s economy is facing collapse as the country is cut off from the international financial institutions. The freezing of more than $9bn in Afghan assets by the US has further worsened the banking crisis.
In such desperate conditions, Daudzai says coal is still cheaper