What is behind the tribal violence in Sudan’s Blue Nile State?

by | Jul 19, 2022 | World

EXPLAINERClashes between two tribes have killed at least 79 people, wounded 150 others and left dozens of shops torched.Dozens of families are fleeing violence in Sudan’s Blue Nile State, where continuing clashes between two tribes have killed at least 79 people, according to the state’s security committee and other officials.
At least 150 others have been wounded and dozens of shops were torched in the town of al-Roseires since the violence broke out in the past week over a land dispute between the Birta and Hausa tribes.
While members of the Hausa tribe say the violence erupted after the Birta rejected a Hausa request to create a “civil authority to supervise access to land”, Birta tribesmen said the tribe was responding to a “violation” of its lands by the Hausa.
What is behind the violence?

According to Blue Nile Governor Ahmed al-Omda, the issue began “two months ago when the Hausa demanded that they be included in the [Blue Nile’s] regional administration,” he said in an interview on Sudan TV on Saturday.
The conflict escalated after the Hausa tribe chose a leader to represent and manage the tribe’s affairs – a move that was rejected by the tribal administration in the region.
On July 10, Hausa farmers clashed with Birta shepherds near the city of Qaisan along the Sudanese-Ethiopian border. Two people were killed in the clashes.
Four days later, the clashes reached Qaisan itself. At least 13 people were killed, according to the regional government.
Activist Muhammad Hu …

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