3 Racially Discriminatory Maps And One Illegal Partisan Gerrymander Could Help GOP Win The House

by | Sep 2, 2022 | Politics

Earlier this year, federal judges found that the congressional district maps adopted in Alabama, Georgia and Louisiana failed to provide enough representation for their respective state’s Black populations. In July, the Ohio Supreme Court ruled the state’s district map to be an illegal partisan gerrymander.Nevertheless, these four maps, all drawn and adopted by Republican politicians, will be in use for the 2022 midterm elections. These racially discriminatory maps and illegal partisan gerrymander are likely to cost Democrats between five and seven seats in the House.AdvertisementThat could matter a lot as the polls continue to show a closer than anticipated race for control of the House in 2023.As polls tighten and President Joe Biden’s approval rating ticks upward, predictions of GOP gains in the House are falling. The average expected House majority the GOP is anticipated to win has fallen from 21 seats at the end of June to just 11 on Sept. 1, according to FiveThirtyEight. Predicted GOP gains fell from 20-35 pickups to 10-20 in Cook Political’s Aug. 30 election outlook.If the fight for House control winds up even closer, it may turn out to be that the GOP wins control on the back of these four contentious state maps.Voting Rights Violations In The SouthIn Alabama, Republicans drew a new seven-district map that packed a large portion of the state’s Black population into one district favoring Democrats and dispersed the rest across six majority white districts heavily tilted to Republicans. Since Black Alabamans account for 27% of the state’s total population, a seven-seat congressional district map should provide two Black majority seats, according to Section 2 of the Voting Rights Act.AdvertisementRepublican National Committee Chairwoman, Ronna McDaniel, hands the gavel to House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy (R-Calif.), who could become Speaker if Republicans win control of the House in the 2022 midterms.Chris Carlson-Pool/Getty ImagesCivil and voting rights groups challenged the map in federal court where a three-judge district court panel, made up of two Donald Trump appointees and one appointed by Bill Clinton, found that the map violated the Voting Rights Act and ordered the state to draw a new map with an additional Black majority district. When Alabama asked the court to lift the injunction on the district map as it appealed its decision, the judges denied it, noting that this was a “straightforward Section Two case,” backed by “an extremely robust body of evidence.”Similarly, Louisiana Republicans passed a new congressional district map over the veto of Democratic Gov. John Bel Edwards with five majority white districts heavily favoring Republicans, and only one majority Black district favoring Democrats despite Black Louisianans accounting for 33% of the state population. A district court judge ordered a new map drawn since the “Black representation under the enacted plan is not proportional to the Black share of population in Louisiana.”But in both c …

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