A rare Roman-era mosaic is uncovered during the excavation of an old building in Syria

by | Oct 15, 2022 | Top Stories

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People look at a large mosaic that dates back to the Roman era in the town of Rastan, Syria, on Wednesday.

Omar Sanadiki/AP

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Omar Sanadiki/AP

RASTAN, Syria — Syria uncovered a large intact mosaic that dates back to the Roman era, describing it Wednesday as the most important archaeological discovery since the country’s conflict began 11 years ago. Journalists were shown the mosaic in the central town of Rastan near Homs, Syria’s third largest city. The mosaic, at 120 square meters (around 1,300 square feet), was found in an old building that Syria’s General Directorate of Antiquities and Museums had been excavating. Lebanese and Syrian businessmen from the neighboring country’s Nabu Museum bought the property that dates back to the 4th century and donated it to the Syrian state. Each panel was filled with square-shaped, small colorful stones measuring about half an inch on each side.

Dr. Humam Saad, the associate director of excavation and archaeological research at the directorate, said among the scenes the mosaic shows is a rare portrayal of Ancient Amazon warriors in Roman mythology. “What is in front of us is a discovery that is rare on a global scale,” Saad told The Associated Press, adding that the images are “rich in details,” and includes scenes from the Trojan War between the Greeks and Trojans. In Ancient Greek and Roman mythology, demigod hero Hercules slayed Hippolyta, queen of the Amazons, in one of his 12 labors.

The mosaic also portrays Neptune, Ancient Roman god of the sea, and 40 of his mistresses.

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A detail of a large mosaic that dates back to Roman era is seen in Rastan.

Omar Sanadiki/AP

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Omar Sanadiki/AP

“We can’t identify the type of the building, whether it’s a public bathhouse or something else, because we have not finished excavating yet,” Saad told the AP. Sulaf Fawakherji, a famous actress in Syria and a member of the Nabu Museum’s board of trustees said she hopes they could purchase other buildings in Rastan, which she says is filled with heritage sites and artifacts waiting to be discovered.

“There are other buildings, and it’s clear that the mosaic extends far wider,” Fawkherji told the AP. “Rastan historically is an important city, and it could possibly be very important heritage city for tourism.” Despite Rastan’s historical significance in the country, Saad says there have not been significant excavation efforts in the town prior to the country’s armed conflict.

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Syrian officials said the mosaic is the most important archaeological discovery since the conflict began 11 years ago.

Omar …

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